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阿里达摩院发布2020十大科技趋势:量子计算进入攻坚期

2020-01-02 09:39 稿源:站长之家  0条评论

站长之家(klsc98.com) 1月2日 消息:今日,阿里巴巴达摩院发布了《 2020 十大科技趋势》。其中包括了AI、芯片、云计算、区块链、工业互联网、量子计算等领域。

达摩院

以下为阿里达摩院2020十大科技趋势:

趋势一、人工智能从感知智能向认知智能演进

阿里达摩院认为,人工智能已经在“听、说、看”等感知智能领域已经达到或超越了人类水准,但在需要外部知识、逻辑推理或者领域迁移的认知智能领域还处于初级阶段。认知智能将从认知心理学、脑科学及人类社会历史中汲取灵感,并结合跨领域知识图谱、因果推理、持续学习等技术,建立稳定获取和表达知识的有效机制,让知识能够被机器理解和运用,实现从感知智能到认知智能的关键突破。

QUSHIER、JISUANCUNCHUYITIHUATUPOAISUANLIPINGJING

阿里达摩院认为,冯诺伊曼架构的存储和计算分离,已经不适合数据驱动的人工智能应用需求。频繁的数据搬运导致的算力瓶颈以及功耗瓶颈已经成为对更先进算法探索的限制因素。类似于脑神经结构的存内计算架构将数据存储单元和计算单元融合为一体,能显著减少数据搬运,极大提高计算并行度和能效。计算存储一体化在硬件架构方面的革新,将突破AI算力瓶颈。

QUSHISAN、GONGYEHULIANWANGDECHAORONGHE

ALIDAMOYUANRENWEI,5G、IoTSHEBEI、YUNJISUAN、BIANYUANJISUANDEXUNSUFAZHANJIANGTUIDONGGONGYEHULIANWANGDECHAORONGHE,SHIXIANGONGKONGXITONG、TONGXINXITONGHEXINXIHUAXITONGDEZHINENGHUARONGHE。ZHIZAOQIYEJIANGSHIXIANSHEBEIZIDONGHUA、BANSONGZIDONGHUAHEPAICHANZIDONGHUA,JINERSHIXIANROUXINGZHIZAO,TONGSHIGONGCHANGSHANGXIAYOUZHIZAOCHANXIANNENGSHISHIDIAOZHENGHEXIETONG。ZHEIJIANGDAFUTISHENGGONGCHANGDESHENGCHANXIAOLVJIQIYEDEYINGLINENGLI。DUICHANZHISHUSHIWANYINAIZHISHUBAIWANYIDEGONGYECHANYEERYAN,TIGAO5%-10%DEXIAOLV,JIUHUICHANSHENGSHUWANYIRENMINBIDEJIAZHI。

QUSHISI、JIQIJIANDAGUIMOXIEZUOCHENGWEIKENENG

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QUSHIWU、MOKUAIHUAJIANGDIXINPIANSHEJIMENJIAN

ALIDAMOYUANRENWEI,CHUANTONGXINPIANSHEJIMOSHIWUFAGAOXIAOYINGDUIKUAISUDIEDAI、DINGZHIHUAYUSUIPIANHUADEXINPIANXUQIU。YIRISC-VWEIDAIBIAODEKAIFANGZHILINGJIJIQIXIANGYINGDEKAIYUANSoCXINPIANSHEJI、GAOJICHOUXIANGYINGJIANMIAOSHUYUYANHEJIYUIPDEMOBANHUAXINPIANSHEJIFANGFA,TUIDONGLEXINPIANMINJIESHEJIFANGFAYUKAIYUANXINPIANSHENGTAIDEKUAISUFAZHAN。CIWAI,JIYUXINLI(chiplet)DEMOKUAIHUASHEJIFANGFAYONGXIANJINFENGZHUANGDEFANGSHIJIANGBUTONGGONGNENG“XINPIANMOKUAI”FENGZHUANGZAIYIQI,KEYITIAOGUOLIUPIANKUAISUDINGZHICHUYIGEFUHEYINGYONGXUQIUDEXINPIAN,JINYIBUJIAKUAILEXINPIANDEJIAOFU。

北京彩票官网pk10QUSHILIU、GUIMOHUASHENGCHANJIQUKUAILIANYINGYONGJIANGZOURUDAZHONG

ALIDAMOYUANRENWEI,QUKUAILIANBaaS(Blockchain as a Service)FUWUJIANGJINYIBUJIANGDIQIYEYINGYONGQUKUAILIANJISHUDEMENJIAN,ZHUANWEIQUKUAILIANSHEJIDEDUAN、YUN、LIANGELEIGUHUAHEXINSUANFADEYINGJIANXINPIANDENGYEJIANGYINGYUNERSHENG,SHIXIANWULISHIJIEZICHANYULIANSHANGZICHANDEMAODING,JINYIBUTUOZHANJIAZHIHULIANWANGDEBIANJIE、SHIXIANWANLIANHULIAN。WEILAIJIANGYONGXIANDAPICHUANGXINQUKUAILIANYINGYONGCHANGJINGYIJIKUAXINGYE、KUASHENGTAIDEDUOWEIXIEZUO,RIHUOQIANWANYISHANGDEGUIMOHUASHENGCHANJIQUKUAILIANYINGYONGJIANGHUIZOURUDAZHONG。

QUSHIQI、LIANGZIJISUANJINRUGONGJIANQI

ALIDAMOYUANRENWEI,2019 NIAN“LIANGZIBAQUAN”ZHIZHENGRANGLIANGZIJISUANZAIZAICICHENGWEISHIJIEKEJIJIAODIAN。CHAODAOLIANGZIJISUANXINPIANDECHENGGUO,ZENGQIANGLEXINGYEDUICHAODAOLUXIANJIDUIDAGUIMOLIANGZIJISUANSHIXIANBUFADELEGUANYUQI。 2020 NIANLIANGZIJISUANLINGYUJIANGHUIJINGLITOURUJINYIBUZENGDA、JINGZHENGJIHUA、CHANYEHUAJIASUHESHENGTAIGENGJIAFENGFUDEJIEDUAN。ZUOWEILIANGGEZUIGUANJIANDEJISHULICHENGBEI,RONGCUOLIANGZIJISUANHEYANSHISHIYONGLIANGZIYOUSHIJIANGSHILIANGZIJISUANSHIYONGHUADEZHUANZHEDIAN。WEILAIJINIANNEI,ZHENZHENGDADAOQIZHONGRENHEYIGEDOUJIANGSHISHIFENJIANJUDERENWU,LIANGZIJISUANJIANGJINRUJISHUGONGJIANQI。

北京彩票官网pk10QUSHIBA、XINCAILIAOTUIDONGBANDAOTIQIJIANGEXIN

北京彩票官网pk10ALIDAMOYUANRENWEI,ZAIMOERDINGLVFANGHUANYIJISUANLIHECUNCHUXUQIUBAOFADESHUANGZHONGYALIXIA,YIGUIWEIZHUTIDEJINGDIANJINGTIGUANHENNANWEICHIBANDAOTICHANYEDECHIXUFAZHAN,GEDABANDAOTICHANGSHANGDUIYU 3 NAMIYIXIADEXINPIANZOUXIANGDOUMEIYOUMINGQUEDEDAAN。XINCAILIAOJIANGTONGGUOQUANXINWULIJIZHISHIXIANQUANXINDELUOJI、CUNCHUJIHULIANGAINIANHEQIJIAN,TUIDONGBANDAOTICHANYEDEGEXIN。LIRU,TUOPUJUEYUANTI、ERWEICHAODAOCAILIAODENGNENGGOUSHIXIANWUSUNHAODEDIANZIHEZIXUANSHUYUN,KEYICHENGWEIQUANXINDEGAOXINGNENGLUOJIHEHULIANQIJIANDEJICHU;XINXINGCIXINGCAILIAOHEXINXINGZUBIANCAILIAONENGGOUDAILAIGAOXINGNENGCIXINGCUNCHUQIRUSOT-MRAMHEZUBIANCUNCHUQI。

QUSHIJIU、BAOHUSHUJUYINSIDEAIJISHUJIANGJIASULUODI

ALIDAMOYUANRENWEI,SHUJULIUTONGSUOCHANSHENGDEHEGUICHENGBENYUELAIYUEGAO。SHIYONGAIJISHUBAOHUSHUJUYINSIZHENGZAICHENGWEIXINDEJISHUREDIAN,QINENGGOUZAIBAOZHENGGEFANGSHUJUANQUANHEYINSIDETONGSHI,LIANHESHIYONGFANGSHIXIANTEDINGJISUAN,JIEJUESHUJUGUDAOYIJISHUJUGONGXIANGKEXINCHENGDUDIDEWENTI,SHIXIANSHUJUDEJIAZHI。

北京彩票官网pk10QUSHISHI、YUNCHENGWEIITJISHUCHUANGXINDEZHONGXIN

ALIDAMOYUANRENWEI,SUIZHEYUNJISHUDESHENRUFAZHAN,YUNYIJINGYUANYUANCHAOGUOITJICHUSHESHIDEFANCHOU,JIANJIANYANBIANCHENGSUOYOUITJISHUCHUANGXINDEZHONGXIN。YUNYIJINGGUANCHUANXINXINGXINPIAN、XINXINGSHUJUKU、ZIQUDONGZISHIYINGDEWANGLUO、DASHUJU、AI、WULIANWANG、QUKUAILIAN、LIANGZIJISUANZHENGGEITJISHULIANLU,TONGSHIYOUYANSHENGLEWUFUWUQIJISUAN、YUNYUANSHENGRUANJIANJIAGOU、RUANYINGYITIHUASHEJI、ZHINENGZIDONGHUAYUNWEIDENGQUANXINDEJISHUMOSHI,YUNZHENGZAIZHONGXINDINGYIITDEYIQIE。GUANGYIDEYUN,ZHENGZAIYUANYUANBUDUANDIJIANGXINDEITJISHUBIANCHENGCHUSHOUKEJIDEFUWU,CHENGWEIZHENGGESHUZIJINGJIDEJICHUSHESHI。

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